Patterns are an integral part of many martial arts. Each time a student obtains a new belt they will start to learn a new pattern. As a quick recap, and to help with the pattern meanings, the ITF Tae Kwon Do patterns are below (performed by Mrs Collett).
Four Directional is not really a pattern
It is a simple sequence of moves practised by beginners. This is only practised in our Adults class - the kids class move straight on to Chon-Ji.
There are two four directionals - Punching and Blocking - with each done both clockwise and counter-clockwise.
meaning: Named after the Holy Dan-Gun, legendary founder of Korea in the year 2333 B.C.E.
Choong-Moo was the name given to the great Admiral Yi Soon-Sin of the Lee Dynasty. He was reputed to have invented the first armoured battleship (Kobukson) in 1592, which is said to be the precursor of the present day submarine. The reason why this pattern ends with a left hand attack is to symbolize his regrettable death, having no chance to show his unrestrained potentiality checked by the forced reservation of his loyalty to the king.
Hwa-Rang is named after the Hwa-Rang youth group, which originated in the Silla Dynasty in the early 7th century. The 29 movements refer to the 29th Infantry Division, where Taekwon-Do developed into maturity.
Toi Gye is the pseudonym of the noted scholar Yi Hwang (16th century), an authority on neo-Confucianism. The 37 movements represent his birthplace on the 37th degree latitude and the diagram represents scholar.
Yul-Gok is the pseudonym of a great philosopher and scholar Yi l (1536-1584) nicknamed the "Confucius of Korea" The 38 movements of this pattern refer to his birthplace on 38 latitude and the diagram represents "scholar".
Joong-Gun is named after the patriot Ahn Joong-Gun who assassinated Hiro-Bumi Ito, the first Japanese governor-general of Korea, known as the man who played the leading part in the Korea-Japan merger. There are 32 movements in this pattern to represent Mr. Ahn's age when he was executed in a Lui-Shung prison (1910).
meaning: Chon-Ji literally means 'the Heaven the Earth' which in the orient is interpreted as the creation of the world. This is why it is the initial pattern performed by the beginner. This pattern consists of 2 parts; one to represent Heaven and the other the Earth.
Lake Chon-Ji is the heavenly lake on Baekdu mountain where the legendary DanGun first took residence in Korea.
Won-Hyo was the noted monk who introduced Buddhism to the Silla Dynasty in the year of 686 A.D.
meaning: Do-San is the pseudonym of the patriot Ahn Chang-Ho (1876-1938) The 24 movements represent his entire life which he devoted to furthering the education of Korea and its independence movement.
Mr Ahn's son, Philip Ahn, is a Hollywood actor who starred alongside David Carradine (Kill Bill - Bill) in the TV series 'Kung Fu'.
Mr Ahn is one of two men believed to have written the lyrics to South Korea's national anthem.